Document

FORM 6-K
 
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
Report of Foreign Private Issuer
Pursuant to Rule 13a-16 or 15d-16
under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the month of October, 2020
 
001-14832
(Commission File Number)
 

 
CELESTICA INC.
(Translation of registrant’s name into English)
 

 
5140 Yonge Street, Suite 1900
Toronto, Ontario
Canada M2N 6L7
(416) 448-5800
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F:
 
Form 20-F  x
Form 40-F  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1): o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7): o
 
 
 





Furnished Herewith (and incorporated by reference herein)
 
Exhibit No.    Description
99.1
 
The information contained in Exhibit 99.1 of this Form 6-K is not incorporated by reference into any registration statement (or into any prospectus that forms a part thereof) filed by Celestica Inc. with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 




SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
CELESTICA INC.
Date:  October 28, 2020By:/s/ Robert Ellis
Robert Ellis
General Counsel and Corporate Secretary
 



 
EXHIBIT INDEX
 
Exhibit No.    Description
99.1



cls202009306kprfs
Exhibit 99.1

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE            
(All amounts in U.S. dollars.                                        October 28, 2020
Per share information based on diluted                         
shares outstanding unless otherwise noted.)

CELESTICA ANNOUNCES THIRD QUARTER 2020 FINANCIAL RESULTS

TORONTO, Canada - Celestica Inc. (TSX: CLS) (NYSE: CLS), a leader in design, manufacturing and supply chain solutions for the world's most innovative companies, today announced financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2020 (Q3 2020).
Q3 2020 Highlights

Revenue: $1.55 billion, increased 2% compared to $1.52 billion for the third quarter of 2019 (Q3 2019).

Operating margin (non-IFRS)*: 3.9%, compared to 2.8% for Q3 2019.

Advanced Technology Solutions (ATS) segment revenue**: decreased 6% compared to Q3 2019, and represented 34% of total revenue, compared to 37% of total revenue for Q3 2019; ATS segment margin** was 3.7%, compared to 2.8% for Q3 2019.

Connectivity & Cloud Solutions (CCS) segment revenue**: increased 7% compared to Q3 2019, and represented 66% of total revenue, compared to 63% of total revenue for Q3 2019; CCS segment margin** was 4.0%, compared to 2.8% for Q3 2019.

IFRS earnings per share (EPS): $0.24 per share, compared to a $0.05 loss per share for Q3 2019.
Adjusted EPS (non-IFRS)*: $0.32 per share, compared to $0.13 per share for Q3 2019.
Adjusted return on invested capital (non-IFRS)*: 15.2%, compared to 10.1% for Q3 2019.
Free cash flow (non-IFRS)*: $15.8 million, compared to $66.2 million for Q3 2019.
Global network operating at normal workforce levels.
Undrawn $450 million revolver(1).
$451 million in cash/cash equivalents.



“In the third quarter, Celestica delivered sequential and year-over year revenue growth, as well as non-IFRS operating margin expansion,” said Rob Mionis, President and CEO, Celestica.

“Our strong operating performance while managing a dynamic market environment reflects the strength of our portfolio and the progress we have made in executing our strategy. Our global team will continue to adapt to the evolving needs of our customers across the markets we serve, and we remain committed to generating sustainable long-term value for our customers and shareholders.”





*Non-IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards) measures do not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS and therefore may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other public companies that use IFRS or U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). See “Non-IFRS Supplementary Information” below for information on our rationale for the use of non-IFRS measures, and Schedule 1 for, among other items, non-IFRS measures included in this press release, as well as their definitions, uses, and a reconciliation of historical non-IFRS measures to the most directly comparable IFRS measures.
** Our ATS segment consists of our ATS end market, and is comprised of our aerospace and defense (A&D), industrial, energy, HealthTech and capital equipment (semiconductor, display, and power & signal distribution equipment) businesses. Our CCS segment consists of our Communications and Enterprise (servers and storage) end markets. Segment performance is evaluated based on segment revenue, segment income and segment margin (segment income as a percentage of segment revenue). See note 25 to our 2019 audited consolidated financial statements for further detail.
(1) excluding ordinary course letters of credit.






Segment Updates

ATS Segment:

ATS segment revenue decreased in Q3 2020 compared to Q3 2019, as growth in our HealthTech and capital equipment businesses, driven by new program ramps and continued demand strength in the semiconductor market, were more than offset by adverse COVID-19-related demand impacts, specifically in our commercial aerospace and industrial businesses, and in addition with respect to our A&D business, the impact of the Boeing 737 Max program halt. The increase in ATS segment margin in Q3 2020 compared to Q3 2019 was primarily due to improvements in our capital equipment business, driven by higher productivity and volume leverage, partly offset by reduced profit contribution from our A&D business.

Demand from our semiconductor and display capital equipment customers improved in Q3 2020 from Q3 2019, but is expected to level off as we end 2020 and enter 2021.

While demand in our defense business remained stable in Q3 2020, we continued to experience demand reductions in our commercial aerospace business, which adversely impacted our A&D business in Q3 2020. We expect adverse market conditions in the aviation industry related to COVID-19 to persist throughout 2021 and likely beyond. We will continue to take appropriate cost productivity actions to improve the overall performance of this business in response to the lower levels of revenue.

Adverse COVID-19-related demand impacts on our industrial business moderated in Q3 2020 compared to the second quarter of 2020 (Q2 2020), resulting in a gradual recovery of demand across our industrial customer base. Notwithstanding COVID-19 demand impacts, the performance of this business improved from Q3 2019 as a result of our cost reduction initiatives and the ramp of new programs.

Our HealthTech business benefited from new program ramps in Q3 2020. We continue to see strong demand for diagnostic and 'point of care' equipment, and anticipate further improvements in the demand for products used in elective surgeries in the first half of 2021.

CCS Segment:

The increase in CCS segment revenue in Q3 2020 compared to Q3 2019 reflects strength in our Joint Design and Manufacturing (JDM) business, including increased demand from service providers, which more than offset revenue declines from planned disengagements associated with our CCS revenue portfolio review (CCS Review), including programs with Cisco Systems, Inc. (Cisco). We expect continued JDM strength, fueled by program wins and strong demand. CCS segment margin improved in Q3 2020 compared to Q3 2019, primarily due to favorable mix, including increased JDM programs, improved operating leverage, and the positive impact of our productivity initiatives. We anticipate CCS segment margin to remain strong, but moderate starting in the fourth quarter of 2020 (Q4 2020).

Our JDM revenue for the first three quarters of 2020 (YTD 2020) increased approximately 90% compared to the first three quarters of 2019 (YTD 2019) to approximately $600 million, which accounted for approximately 15% of total YTD 2020 revenue.

Our disengagement from programs with Cisco (Cisco Disengagement) is progressing as planned. Manufacturing with respect to these programs was largely completed in Q3 2020, and we continue to expect that the disengagement (including associated restructuring actions) will be largely complete by the end of 2020.

COVID-19 Update

Our Q3 2020 results reflect the continued benefits of our portfolio reshaping initiatives, our productivity actions in both of our segments, and our value-added solutions across a broad range of markets. Notwithstanding the foregoing, COVID-19 continued to have an adverse impact on our business in Q3 2020. In addition to demand volatility (described above), we had an approximate $16 million aggregate adverse revenue impact across our businesses in Q3 2020 resulting from COVID-19-related materials constraints. We also estimate that COVID-19-related costs incurred during Q3 2020 were approximately $8 million, comprised of direct and indirect costs, including manufacturing inefficiencies related to lost revenue due to our inability to secure materials, idled labor costs, and incremental costs for labor, expedite fees and freight premiums, cleaning
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supplies, personal protective equipment, and IT-related services to support our work-from-home arrangements (collectively, COVID-19 Costs). During Q3 2020, we qualified for and recognized an aggregate of $11 million of COVID-19-related government subsidies, credits and grants and customer recoveries (collectively, COVID Recoveries), which helped mitigate the adverse impact of COVID-19 on our business. See footnote (1) to the table below for further detail.

For further information on the Q3 2020 impact of COVID-19 on our business, and the anticipated and potential future impact of COVID-19 on our business, please see "Segment Updates" above, and our Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, to be filed at www.sedar.com and furnished on Form 6-K at www.sec.gov.

Restructuring Update

We continue to anticipate that total restructuring costs in 2020 will be approximately $30 million. We recorded a total of $19.0 million in restructuring charges during the first three quarters of 2020, including $3.7 million recorded in Q3 2020. Our restructuring charges for Q3 2020 consisted primarily of actions to adjust our cost base to address reduced levels of demand in certain of our businesses, including continued actions to right-size our commercial aerospace facilities as described above. We intend to implement restructuring actions in Q4 2020 in connection with the completion of the Cisco Disengagement, and to further adjust the cost base of our businesses undergoing continued demand pressures.

Summary of Selected Q3 2020 Results
 Q3 2020
IFRS revenue (in billions)
$1.55
IFRS EPS (1)
$0.24
IFRS earnings before income taxes as a % of revenue2.6%
Non-IFRS operating margin3.9%
IFRS SG&A (in millions)$56.9
Non-IFRS adjusted SG&A (in millions)$56.3
Non-IFRS adjusted EPS$0.32

(1) IFRS EPS of $0.24 for Q3 2020 included an aggregate charge of $0.08 (pre-tax) per share for employee stock-based compensation (SBC) expense, amortization of intangible assets (excluding computer software), and restructuring charges. See the tables in Schedule 1 and note 10 to our September 30, 2020 unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements (Q3 2020 Interim Financial Statements) for per-item charges.

IFRS EPS for Q3 2020 included a $0.03 per share negative impact attributable to restructuring charges and a $0.06 per share negative impact attributable to estimated COVID-19 Costs, more than offset by a $0.085 per share positive impact attributable to COVID Recoveries (approximately $11 million of government subsidies, grants and credits and $0.3 million of customer recoveries related to COVID-19) and a $0.05 per share positive impact to reflect SBC expense reversals recorded in Q3 2020 to reflect a reduction in the estimated number of certain share-based awards expected to vest in January 2021 (SBC Reversal). IFRS EPS of $0.31 for YTD 2020 included a $0.15 per share negative impact attributable to restructuring charges and a $0.22 per share negative impact attributable to estimated COVID-19 Costs, offset in part by a $0.21 per share positive impact attributable to COVID Recoveries (approximately $26 million of government subsidies, grants and credits and $1 million in customer recoveries related to COVID-19) and the SBC Reversal. See Schedule 1 for the exclusions used to determine non-IFRS adjusted EPS for Q3 2020 and YTD 2020. The COVID Recoveries we recognized in the foregoing periods helped mitigate the adverse impact of COVID-19 on our business.

IFRS loss per share for Q3 2019 included an aggregate $0.09 per share negative impact attributable to other charges, most significantly restructuring charges ($0.08 per share negative impact), as well as a $0.02 per share adverse impact due to taxable foreign exchange resulting primarily from the weakening of the Chinese renminbi against the U.S. dollar. IFRS EPS for the first nine months of 2019 (YTD 2019) included an aggregate $0.52 per share net benefit attributable to other charges (recoveries), consisting of a $0.75 per share gain ($102.0 million) recorded on the sale of our Toronto real property completed in March 2019, offset in part by: (i) restructuring charges ($0.20 per share negative impact); and (ii) Transition Costs ($0.03 per share negative impact). See Schedule 1 for the definition of Transition Costs and the exclusions used to determine non-IFRS adjusted EPS for each of the foregoing periods. See note 10 to our Q3 2020 Interim Financial Statements for quantification of the components of other charges (recoveries) for each of the foregoing periods.

See “Non-IFRS Supplementary Information” below for information on our rationale for the use of non-IFRS measures, and Schedule 1 for, among other items, non-IFRS measures included in this press release, as well as their definitions, uses, and a reconciliation of historical non-IFRS measures to the most directly comparable IFRS measures.

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Q4 2020 Guidance(1)
 Q4 2020
IFRS revenue (in billions)
$1.35 to $1.45
Non-IFRS operating margin3.5% at the mid-point of our revenue and non-IFRS adjusted EPS
Non-IFRS adjusted SG&A (in millions)$56 to $58
Non-IFRS adjusted EPS    $0.22 to $0.28
(1) For Q4 2020, we expect a negative $0.12 to $0.18 per share (pre-tax) aggregate impact on net earnings on an IFRS basis for employee SBC expense, amortization of intangible assets (excluding computer software), Internal Relocation Costs (defined in Schedule 1 hereto), and restructuring charges. Based on the projected geographical mix of our profits in Q4 2020, we currently expect our non-IFRS adjusted effective tax rate to be approximately 20% (this estimate does not account for foreign exchange impacts and any unanticipated tax settlements). We cannot predict changes in currency exchange rates, the impact of such changes on our operating results, or the degree to which we will be able to manage such impacts.

We do not provide reconciliations for forward-looking non-IFRS financial measures, as we are unable to provide a meaningful or accurate calculation or estimation of reconciling items and the information is not available without unreasonable effort. This is due to the inherent difficulty of forecasting the timing or amount of various events that have not yet occurred, are out of our control and/or cannot be reasonably predicted, and that would impact the most directly comparable forward-looking IFRS financial measure. For these same reasons, we are unable to address the probable significance of the unavailable information. Forward-looking non-IFRS financial measures may vary materially from the corresponding IFRS financial measures.

Q3 2020 Webcast
Management will host its Q3 2020 results conference call today at 8:00 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT). The webcast can be accessed at www.celestica.com.

Non-IFRS Supplementary Information
In addition to disclosing detailed operating results in accordance with IFRS, Celestica provides supplementary non-IFRS measures to consider in evaluating the company’s operating performance. Management uses adjusted net earnings and other non-IFRS measures to assess operating performance and the effective use and allocation of resources; to provide more meaningful period-to-period comparisons of operating results; to enhance investors’ understanding of the core operating results of Celestica’s business; and to set management incentive targets. We believe investors use both IFRS and non-IFRS measures to assess management's past, current and future decisions associated with our priorities and our allocation of capital, as well as to analyze how our business operates in, or responds to, swings in economic cycles or to other events that impact our core operations. See Schedule 1 below.

About Celestica

Celestica enables the world's best brands. Through our recognized customer-centric approach, we partner with leading companies in aerospace and defense, communications, enterprise, HealthTech, industrial, capital equipment, and energy to deliver solutions for their most complex challenges. As a leader in design, manufacturing, hardware platform and supply chain solutions, Celestica brings global expertise and insight at every stage of product development - from the drawing board to full-scale production and after-market services. With talented teams across North America, Europe and Asia, we imagine, develop and deliver a better future with our customers.

For more information, visit www.celestica.com. Our securities filings can also be accessed at www.sedar.com and www.sec.gov.

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Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, those related to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business; our priorities, goals and strategies; trends in the electronics manufacturing services (EMS) industry and our segments (including the components thereof), and their anticipated impact; the anticipated impact of specified adverse market conditions in each of our segments (and/or component businesses) and near term expectations (positive and negative); our anticipated financial and/or operational results, and our anticipated Q4 2020 non-IFRS adjusted effective tax rate; our intention to apply for COVID-19-related governmental subsidies, grants and credits (collectively, COVID Subsidies); our credit risk; our liquidity; anticipated expenses, including anticipated restructuring charges; the timing and size of current restructuring actions and the Cisco Disengagement; the potential impact of tax and litigation outcomes; mandatory prepayments under our credit facility; and our financial statement estimates and assumptions. Such forward-looking statements may, without limitation, be preceded by, followed by, or include words such as “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “intends,” “plans,” “continues,” “project,” “potential,” “possible,” “contemplate,” “seek,” or similar expressions, or may employ such future or conditional verbs as “may,” “might,” “will,” “could,” “should,” or “would,” or may otherwise be indicated as forward-looking statements by grammatical construction, phrasing or context. For those statements, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, where applicable, and applicable Canadian securities laws.

Forward-looking statements are provided to assist readers in understanding management’s current expectations and plans relating to the future. Readers are cautioned that such information may not be appropriate for other purposes. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements, including, among others, risks related to: the scope, duration and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, including its severe, prolonged and continuing adverse impact on the commercial aerospace industry due to quarantines, travel restrictions, business curtailments, resurgences of the virus and safety concerns; customer and segment concentration; challenges of replacing revenue from completed, lost or non-renewed programs or customer disengagements; our customers' ability to compete and succeed with our products and services; the cyclical nature of our capital equipment business, particularly our semiconductor and display businesses; competitive factors and adverse market conditions affecting the EMS industry in general and our segments in particular (including the risk that anticipated market improvements do not materialize); changes in our mix of customers and/or the types of products or services we provide, including negative impacts of higher concentrations of lower margin programs; delays in the delivery and availability of components, services and materials; changes in customer demand; the inability to maintain adequate utilization of our workforce; the expansion or consolidation of our operations; defects or deficiencies in our products, services or designs; integrating and achieving the anticipated benefits from acquisitions and "operate-in-place" arrangements; negative impacts on our business resulting from outstanding third-party indebtedness, including as a result of the inability to sell desired amounts under our uncommitted accounts receivable sales program; rapidly evolving and changing technologies, and changes in our customers' business or outsourcing strategies; customer, competitor and/or supplier consolidation; compliance with customer-driven policies and standards, and third party certification requirements, including climate change and other social responsibility initiatives; challenges associated with new customers or programs, or the provision of new services; the impact of restructuring actions and productivity initiatives, including a failure to achieve anticipated benefits from actions associated with the CCS Review, including the Cisco Disengagement; the incurrence of future restructuring charges, impairment charges or operating losses; managing our business during uncertain market, political and economic conditions, including among others, geopolitical and other risks associated with our international operations, including military actions, protectionism and reactive countermeasures, economic or other sanctions or trade barriers; disruptions to our operations, or those of our customers, component suppliers and/or logistics partners, including as a result of events outside of our control, including, among others: Britain's departure from the European Union (Brexit), policies or legislation proposed or instituted by the current administration in the U.S., uncertainty surrounding the outcome and impact of the upcoming presidential election in the U.S., the potential impact of significant tariffs on items imported into the U.S. and related countermeasures, and/or the impact of (in addition to COVID-19) other widespread illness or disease; changes to our operating model; changing commodity, materials and component costs as well as labor costs and conditions; execution or quality issues (including our ability to successfully resolve these challenges); non-performance by counterparties; maintaining sufficient financial resources to fund currently anticipated financial obligations and to pursue desirable business opportunities; negative impacts on our business resulting from any significant uses of cash, securities issuances, and/or additional increases in third-party indebtedness; foreign currency volatility; our global operations and supply chain; recruiting or retaining skilled talent; our dependence on industries affected by rapid technological change; our ability to protect intellectual property and confidential information; increasing taxes, tax audits, and challenges of defending our tax positions; obtaining, renewing or meeting the conditions of tax incentives and credits; computer viruses, malware, hacking attempts or outages that may disrupt our operations; the inability to prevent or detect all errors or fraud; the variability of revenue and operating results; unanticipated disruptions to our cash flows; a failure to qualify for and/or collect anticipated COVID Subsidies; compliance with applicable laws, regulations, and government subsidies, grants or credits; the management of our IT systems; our pension and other benefit plan obligations; changes in accounting judgments, estimates and assumptions; our ability to maintain compliance with applicable credit facility covenants; interest rate fluctuations; deterioration in financial markets or the macro-economic environment; and current or future litigation, governmental actions, and/or changes in legislation or accounting standards. The foregoing and other material risks and uncertainties are discussed in our public filings at www.sedar.com and www.sec.gov, including in our most recent MD&A, our 2019 Annual Report on Form 20-F filed with, and subsequent reports on Form 6-K furnished to, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, and as applicable, the Canadian Securities Administrators.

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The forward-looking statements contained in this press release are based on various assumptions, many of which involve factors that are beyond our control. Our material assumptions include those related to the following: fluctuation of production schedules from our customers in terms of volume and mix of products or services; the scope and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on our sites, customers and supply chain; our ability to qualify for specified COVID Subsidies; the timing and execution of, and investments associated with, ramping new business; the success of our customers’ products; our ability to retain programs and customers; the stability of general economic and market conditions, currency exchange rates, and interest rates; supplier performance, pricing and terms; compliance by third parties with their contractual obligations and the accuracy of their representations and warranties; the costs and availability of components, materials, services, equipment, labor, energy and transportation; that our customers will retain liability for recently-imposed tariffs and countermeasures; global tax legislation changes; our ability to keep pace with rapidly changing technological developments; the timing, execution and effect of restructuring actions; the successful resolution of quality issues that arise from time to time; our having sufficient financial resources to fund currently anticipated financial actions and obligations and to pursue desirable business opportunities; the components of our leverage ratio (as defined in our credit facility); our ability to successfully diversify our customer base and develop new capabilities; the impact of actions associated with the CCS Review (including the Cisco Disengagement) on our business, and that we achieve the anticipated benefits therefrom; anticipated demand strength in certain of our businesses; and anticipated demand weakness in, and/or the impact of anticipated adverse market conditions on, certain of our businesses. Although management believes its assumptions to be reasonable under the current circumstances, they may prove to be inaccurate, which could cause actual results to differ materially (and adversely) from those that would have been achieved had such assumptions been accurate. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made, and we disclaim any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law.
All forward-looking statements attributable to us are expressly qualified by these cautionary statements.

Contacts:
Celestica Communications                 Celestica Investor Relations
(416) 448-2200                        (416) 448-2211
media@celestica.com                     clsir@celestica.com
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Schedule 1
Supplementary Non-IFRS Measures

The non-IFRS measures included in this press release are: adjusted gross profit, adjusted gross margin (adjusted gross profit as a percentage of revenue), adjusted selling, general and administrative expenses (SG&A), adjusted SG&A as a percentage of revenue, operating earnings (adjusted EBIAT), operating margin (adjusted EBIAT or operating earnings as a percentage of revenue), adjusted net earnings, adjusted EPS, adjusted return on invested capital (adjusted ROIC), free cash flow, adjusted tax expense and adjusted effective tax rate. Adjusted EBIAT, adjusted ROIC, free cash flow, adjusted tax expense and adjusted effective tax rate are further described in the tables below. In calculating our non-IFRS financial measures, management excludes the following items, where applicable: employee stock-based compensation (SBC) expense, amortization of intangible assets (excluding computer software), Other Charges, net of recoveries (defined below), and acquisition inventory fair value adjustments, all net of the associated tax adjustments (which are set forth in the table below), and non-core tax impacts (tax adjustments related to acquisitions, and certain other tax costs or recoveries related to restructuring actions or restructured sites).
We believe the non-IFRS measures we present herein are useful to investors, as they enable investors to evaluate and compare our results from operations in a more consistent manner (by excluding specific items that we do not consider to be reflective of our ongoing operating results), to evaluate cash resources that we generate each period, and to provide an analysis of operating results using the same measures our chief operating decision makers use to measure performance. In addition, management believes that the use of a non-IFRS adjusted tax expense and a non-IFRS adjusted effective tax rate provides improved insight into the tax effects of our ongoing business operations, and is useful to management and investors for historical comparisons and forecasting. These non-IFRS financial measures result largely from managements determination that the facts and circumstances surrounding the excluded charges or recoveries are not indicative of the ordinary course of the ongoing operation of our business.

Non-IFRS measures do not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS and therefore may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other public companies that use IFRS, or who report under U.S. GAAP and use non-U.S. GAAP measures to describe similar operating metrics. Non-IFRS measures are not measures of performance under IFRS and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for any standardized measure under IFRS.
The most significant limitation to managements use of non-IFRS financial measures is that the charges or credits excluded from the non-IFRS measures are nonetheless charges or credits that are recognized under IFRS and that have an economic impact on the company. Management compensates for these limitations primarily by issuing IFRS results to show a complete picture of the companys performance, and reconciling non-IFRS financial measures back to the most directly comparable IFRS financial measures.
The economic substance of the exclusions described above (where applicable to the periods presented) and management’s rationale for excluding them from non-IFRS financial measures is provided below:
Employee SBC expense, which represents the estimated fair value of stock options, restricted share units and performance share units granted to employees, is excluded because grant activities vary significantly from quarter-to-quarter in both quantity and fair value. In addition, excluding this expense allows us to better compare core operating results with those of our competitors who also generally exclude employee SBC expense in assessing operating performance, who may have different granting patterns and types of equity awards, and who may use different valuation assumptions than we do.
Amortization charges (excluding computer software) consist of non-cash charges against intangible assets that are impacted by the timing and magnitude of acquired businesses. Amortization of intangible assets varies among our competitors, and we believe that excluding these charges permits a better comparison of core operating results with those of our competitors who also generally exclude amortization charges in assessing operating performance.
Other Charges, net of recoveries, consist of: Restructuring Charges, net of recoveries (defined below); Transition Costs (Recoveries) (defined below); net Impairment charges (defined below); acquisition-related consulting, transaction and integration costs, and when applicable, charges related to the subsequent re-measurement of indemnification assets in connection with our acquisition of Impakt Holdings, LLC (collectively,
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Acquisition Costs); legal settlements (recoveries); credit facility-related waiver fees in the fourth quarter of 2019 (Q4 2019); and post-employment benefit plan losses (Q4 2019). We exclude these charges, net of recoveries, because we believe that they are not directly related to ongoing operating results and do not reflect expected future operating expenses after completion of these activities or incurrence of the relevant costs. Our competitors may record similar charges at different times, and we believe these exclusions permit a better comparison of our core operating results with those of our competitors who also generally exclude these types of charges, net of recoveries, in assessing operating performance.
Restructuring Charges, net of recoveries, consist of costs relating to: employee severance, lease terminations, site closings and consolidations; write-downs of owned property and equipment which are no longer used and are available for sale; and reductions in infrastructure.
Transition Costs consist of: (i) costs recorded in connection with the relocation of our Toronto manufacturing operations, and the move of our corporate headquarters into and out of a temporary location during, and upon completion, of the construction of space in a new office building at our former location (all in connection with the sale of our Toronto real property) (collectively, Toronto Transition Costs) and (ii) costs recorded in connection with the transfer of manufacturing lines from closed sites to other sites within our global network (Internal Relocation Costs). We incurred Internal Relocation Costs with respect to the transfer of several capital equipment manufacturing lines from closed sites in 2019. We have determined, however, that Internal Relocation Costs should not be limited to the transfer of capital equipment manufacturing lines from closed sites, as the transfer of any manufacturing lines from closed sites would not be representative of our ongoing operations, and such transfers are expected to be implemented in future periods. Transition Costs consist of direct relocation and duplicate costs (such as rent expense, utility costs, depreciation charges, and personnel costs) incurred during the transition periods, as well as cease-use costs incurred in connection with idle or vacated portions of the relevant premises that we would not have incurred but for these relocations and transfers. Transition Recoveries consist of the gain we recorded in March 2019 on the sale of our Toronto real property. We believe that excluding these costs and recoveries permits a better comparison of our core operating results from period-to-period, as these costs will not reflect our ongoing operations once these relocations and manufacturing line transfers are complete, and the recovery pertains only to the first quarter of 2019.
Impairment charges, which consist of non-cash charges against goodwill, intangible assets, property, plant and equipment, and right-of-use (ROU) assets, result primarily when the carrying value of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount.
Acquisition inventory fair value adjustments relate to the write-up of the inventory acquired in connection with our acquisitions, representing the difference between the cost and fair value of such inventory. We exclude the impact of the recognition of these adjustments, when incurred, because we believe such exclusion permits a better comparison of our core operating results from period-to-period, as their impact is not indicative of our ongoing operating performance.
Non-core tax impacts are excluded, as we believe that these costs or recoveries do not reflect core operating performance and vary significantly among those of our competitors who also generally exclude these costs or recoveries in assessing operating performance.
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the various non-IFRS measures discussed above, and a reconciliation of non-IFRS measures to the most directly comparable IFRS measures (in millions, except percentages and per share amounts):
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Three months ended September 30Nine months ended September 30
2019202020192020
% of revenue% of revenue% of revenue% of revenue
IFRS revenue$1,517.9 $1,550.5 $4,396.6 $4,361.5 
IFRS gross profit$97.7 6.4 %$124.2 8.0 %$282.9 6.4 %$323.8 7.4 %
Employee SBC expense1.9 1.1 11.9 8.9  
Non-IFRS adjusted gross profit$99.6 6.6 %$125.3 8.1 %$294.8 6.7 %$332.7 7.6 %
IFRS SG&A$53.4 3.5 %$56.9 3.7 %$170.2 3.9 %$171.3 3.9 %
Employee SBC expense(4.8)(0.6)(14.8)(11.8) 
Non-IFRS adjusted SG&A$48.6 3.2 %$56.3 3.6 %$155.4 3.5 %$159.5 3.7 %
IFRS earnings (loss) before income taxes$6.4 0.4 %$40.3 2.6 %$100.2 2.3 %$63.8 1.5 %
Finance costs12.0  8.9 38.2 28.6  
Employee SBC expense6.7  1.7 26.7 20.7  
Amortization of intangible assets (excluding computer software)6.0  5.5 18.8 16.9  
Other Charges (recoveries)11.5  3.7 (69.5)19.0  
Non-IFRS operating earnings (adjusted EBIAT) (1)
$42.6 2.8 %$60.1 3.9 %$114.4 2.6 %$149.0 3.4 %
IFRS net earnings (loss)$(6.9)(0.5)%$30.4 2.0 %$77.3 1.8 %$40.5 0.9 %
Employee SBC expense6.7 1.7 26.7 20.7 
Amortization of intangible assets (excluding computer software)6.0 5.5 18.8 16.9 
Other Charges (recoveries)11.5 3.7  (69.5)19.0 
Adjustments for taxes (2)
(0.7)(0.4) (5.5)(3.8)
Non-IFRS adjusted net earnings$16.6 $40.9 $47.8 $93.3 
Diluted EPS  
Weighted average # of shares (in millions) *128.5 129.1 132.6 129.1 
IFRS earnings (loss) per share *$(0.05)$0.24 $0.58 $0.31 
Non-IFRS adjusted earnings per share$0.13 $0.32 $0.36 $0.72 
# of shares outstanding at period end (in millions)128.4 129.1 128.4 129.1 
IFRS cash provided by operations$106.9 $42.0 $268.5 $189.9 
Purchase of property, plant and equipment, net of sales proceeds (19.9)(9.9)50.2 (32.2)
Lease payments (3)
(10.6)(9.9)(29.4)(27.9)
Finance costs paid (excluding debt issuance costs) (3)
(10.2)(6.4)(31.9)(22.3)
Non-IFRS free cash flow (3)
$66.2 $15.8 $257.4 $107.5 
IFRS ROIC % (4)
1.5 %10.2 %7.7 %5.3 %
Non-IFRS adjusted ROIC % (4)
10.1 %15.2 %8.8 %12.5 %
*    IFRS earnings (loss) per diluted share is calculated by dividing IFRS net earnings (loss) by the number of diluted weighted average shares outstanding (DWAS). In order to calculate IFRS loss per diluted share for Q3 2019, we used a DWAS of 128.5 million as at September 30, 2019. Because we reported a net loss on an IFRS basis in Q3 2019, the DWAS for such period-end excluded 0.8 million subordinate voting shares underlying in-the-money stock-based awards, as including these shares would be anti-dilutive. However, we included these shares in the DWAS used to calculate non-IFRS adjusted earnings (per diluted share) for such period because such shares were dilutive in relation to this non-IFRS measure.

(1)    Management uses non-IFRS operating earnings (adjusted EBIAT) as a measure to assess performance related to our core operations. Non-IFRS adjusted EBIAT is defined as earnings (loss) before income taxes, finance costs (defined below), employee SBC expense, amortization of intangible assets (excluding computer software), and Other Charges (recoveries) (defined above). Finance costs consist of interest expense and fees related to our
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credit facility (including debt issuance and related amortization costs), our interest rate swap agreements, our accounts receivable sales program and customers' supplier financing programs, and interest expense on our lease obligations, net of interest income earned. See note 10 to our Q3 2020 Interim Financial Statements for separate quantification and discussion of the components of Other Charges (recoveries).

(2)    The adjustments for taxes, as applicable, represent the tax effects of our non-IFRS adjustments and non-core tax impacts.


The following table sets forth a reconciliation of our IFRS tax expense and IFRS effective tax rate to our non-IFRS adjusted tax expense and our non-IFRS adjusted effective tax rate for the periods indicated, in each case determined by excluding the tax benefits or costs associated with the listed items (in millions, except percentages) from our IFRS tax expense for such periods:
Three months endedNine months ended
September 30September 30
2019Effective tax rate2020Effective tax rate2019Effective tax rate2020Effective tax rate
IFRS tax expense and IFRS effective tax rate$13.3 208 %$9.9 25 %$22.9 23 %$23.3 37 %
Tax costs (benefits) of the following items excluded from IFRS tax expense:
Employee SBC expense0.1 0.2 0.6 1.2 
Other Charges1.0 0.2 1.4 2.2 
Non-core tax impacts related to tax uncertainties*— — 3.9 0.4 
Non-core tax impact related to prior acquisition**(0.2)— (1.5)— 
Non-core tax impact related to restructured sites(0.2)— 1.1 — 
Non-IFRS adjusted tax expense and non-IFRS adjusted effective tax rate$14.0 46 %$10.3 20 %$28.4 37 %$27.1 23 %
* Consists of the reversal of certain tax uncertainties related to a prior acquisition that became statute-barred in such periods.
** Consists of deferred tax adjustments attributable to our acquisition of Impakt Holdings, LLC.

(3)    Management uses non-IFRS free cash flow as a measure, in addition to IFRS cash provided by (used in) operations, to assess our operational cash flow performance. We believe non-IFRS free cash flow provides another level of transparency to our liquidity. Non-IFRS free cash flow is defined as cash provided by (used in) operations after the purchase of property, plant and equipment (net of proceeds from the sale of certain surplus equipment and property, including our Toronto real property), lease payments (including under IFRS 16), and finance costs paid (excluding any debt issuance costs and when applicable, waiver fees related to our credit facility). We do not consider debt issuance costs ($0.3 million and $0.6 million paid in Q3 2020 and YTD 2020, respectively; $0.6 million and $2.4 million paid in Q3 2019 and YTD 2019, respectively) or waiver fees related to our credit facility ($2.0 million paid in Q4 2019) to be part of our core operating expenses. As a result, these costs are excluded from total finance costs paid in our determination of non-IFRS free cash flow. Note, however, that non-IFRS free cash flow does not represent residual cash flow available to Celestica for discretionary expenditures.

(4)    Management uses non-IFRS adjusted ROIC as a measure to assess the effectiveness of the invested capital we use to build products or provide services to our customers, by quantifying how well we generate earnings relative to the capital we have invested in our business. Non-IFRS adjusted ROIC is calculated by dividing non-IFRS adjusted EBIAT by average net invested capital. Net invested capital (calculated in the table below) is defined as total assets less: cash, ROU assets, accounts payable, accrued and other current liabilities and provisions, and income taxes payable. We use a two-point average to calculate average net invested capital for the quarter and a four-point average to calculate average net invested capital for the nine-month period. A comparable measure under IFRS would be determined by dividing IFRS earnings (loss) before income taxes by average net invested capital (which we have set forth in the charts above and below), however, this measure (which we have called IFRS ROIC), is not a measure defined under IFRS.




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The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, our calculation of IFRS ROIC % and non-IFRS adjusted ROIC % (in millions, except IFRS ROIC % and non-IFRS adjusted ROIC %).
Three months endedNine months ended
September 30September 30
2019202020192020
IFRS earnings (loss) before income taxes
$6.4 $40.3 $100.2 $63.8 
Multiplier to annualize earnings
1.333 1.333 
Annualized IFRS earnings (loss) before income taxes
$25.6 $161.2 $133.6 $85.0 
Average net invested capital for the period
$1,695.2 $1,586.4 $1,740.8 $1,594.9 
IFRS ROIC % (1)
1.5 %10.2 %7.7 %5.3 %
Three months endedNine months ended
September 30September 30
 2019202020192020
Non-IFRS operating earnings (adjusted EBIAT)
$42.6 $60.1 $114.4 $149.0 
Multiplier to annualize earnings
1.333 1.333 
Annualized non-IFRS adjusted EBIAT
$170.4 $240.4 $152.5 $198.6 
Average net invested capital for the period
$1,695.2 $1,586.4 $1,740.8 $1,594.9 
Non-IFRS adjusted ROIC % (1)
10.1 %15.2 %8.8 %12.5 %
December 31
2019
March 31
2020
June 30
2020
September 30
2020
Net invested capital consists of:
Total assets
$3,560.7 $3,537.8 $3,788.1 $3,789.3 
Less: cash
479.5 472.1 435.9 451.4 
Less: ROU assets
104.1 96.9 94.4 101.2 
Less: accounts payable, accrued and other current liabilities, provisions and income taxes payable
1,341.7 1,397.5 1,684.1 1,637.6 
Net invested capital at period end (1)
$1,635.4 $1,571.3 $1,573.7 $1,599.1 
 
December 31
2018
March 31
2019
June 30
2019
September 30
2019
Net invested capital consists of:
Total assets
$3,737.7 $3,688.1 $3,633.7 $3,557.6 
Less: cash
422.0 457.8 436.5 448.9 
Less: ROU assets
— 115.8 116.2 107.8 
Less: accounts payable, accrued and other current liabilities, provisions and income taxes payable
1,512.6 1,344.8 1,349.2 1,342.3 
Net invested capital at period end (1)
$1,803.1 $1,769.7 $1,731.8 $1,658.6 
(1)    See footnote 4 of the previous table.

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CELESTICA INC. 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(in millions of U.S. dollars)
(unaudited)
NoteDecember 31
2019
September 30
2020
Assets  
Current assets:  
     Cash and cash equivalents$479.5 $451.4 
Accounts receivable51,052.7 1,125.0 
Inventories6992.2 1,205.2 
Income taxes receivable7.7 5.1 
Assets classified as held for sale0.7 — 
Other current assets59.2 73.4 
Total current assets2,592.0 2,860.1 
Property, plant and equipment355.0 334.1 
Right-of-use assets104.1 101.2 
Goodwill198.3 198.3 
Intangible assets251.3 234.6 
Deferred income taxes33.6 36.1 
Other non-current assets26.4 24.9 
Total assets$3,560.7 $3,789.3 
Liabilities and Equity  
Current liabilities:  
Current portion of borrowings under credit facility and lease obligations
8$139.6 $75.9 
Accounts payable
898.0 1,046.5 
Accrued and other current liabilities
6370.9 519.4 
Income taxes payable
46.7 49.6 
Current portion of provisions
26.1 22.1 
Total current liabilities1,481.3 1,713.5 
Long-term portion of borrowings under credit facility and lease obligations8559.1 503.4 
Pension and non-pension post-employment benefit obligations107.1 104.4 
Provisions and other non-current liabilities28.6 41.1 
Deferred income taxes28.4 26.4 
Total liabilities2,204.5 2,388.8 
Equity:  
Capital stock91,832.1 1,834.3 
Treasury stock9(14.8)(13.9)
Contributed surplus
982.6 988.2 
Deficit
(1,420.1)(1,379.8)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(23.6)(28.3)
Total equity1,356.2 1,400.5 
Total liabilities and equity$3,560.7 $3,789.3 
     
Commitments and Contingencies (note 14).

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.
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CELESTICA INC. 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
(in millions of U.S. dollars, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)

 
Three months endedNine months ended
September 30September 30
 
Note2019202020192020
Revenue
3$1,517.9 $1,550.5 $4,396.6 $4,361.5 
Cost of sales61,420.2 1,426.3 4,113.7 4,037.7 
Gross profit
97.7 124.2 282.9 323.8 
Selling, general and administrative expenses (SG&A)
53.4 56.9 170.2 171.3 
Research and development
7.3 8.1 21.1 21.5 
Amortization of intangible assets
7.1 6.3 22.7 19.6 
Other charges (recoveries)1011.5 3.7 (69.5)19.0 
Earnings from operations
18.4 49.2 138.4 92.4 
Finance costs
12.0 8.9 38.2 28.6 
Earnings before income taxes6.4 40.3 100.2 63.8 
Income tax expense (recovery)11  
Current
11.6 9.7 21.2 29.2 
Deferred
1.7 0.2 1.7 (5.9)
 
13.3 9.9 22.9 23.3 
Net earnings (loss) for the period
$(6.9)$30.4 $77.3 $40.5 
Basic earnings (loss) per share
$(0.05)$0.24 $0.59 $0.31 
Diluted earnings (loss) per share
$(0.05)$0.24 $0.58 $0.31 
Shares used in computing per share amounts (in millions):
  
Basic
128.5 129.1 131.8 129.1 
Diluted
128.5 129.1 132.6 129.1 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.
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CELESTICA INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in millions of U.S. dollars)
(unaudited)
 
Three months endedNine months ended
September 30September 30
 Note2019202020192020
Net earnings (loss) for the period$(6.9)$30.4 $77.3 $40.5 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:   
Items that will not be reclassified to net earnings:
Losses on pension and non-pension post-employment benefit plans7— (0.2)— (0.2)
Items that may be reclassified to net earnings (loss):
  Currency translation differences for foreign operations
(1.0)2.0 (0.9)1.2 
  Changes from currency forward derivatives designated as hedges
(5.0)2.3 5.8 0.8 
  Changes from interest rate swap derivatives designated as hedges
(1.2)1.7 (10.1)(6.7)
Total comprehensive income (loss) for the period$(14.1)$36.2 $72.1 $35.6 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.
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CELESTICA INC. 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(in millions of U.S. dollars)
(unaudited)
 NoteCapital stock
(note 9)
Treasury stock
 (note 9)
Contributed
surplus
Deficit
Accumulated
other
comprehensive
loss (a)
Total  equity
Balance -- January 1, 2019$1,954.1 $(20.2)$906.6 $(1,481.7)$(26.5)$1,332.3 
Capital transactions9      
Issuance of capital stock
5.3 — (5.3)— — — 
Repurchase of capital stock for cancellation
(132.4)— 65.1 — — (67.3)
Stock-based compensation (SBC) and other
— 13.9 14.1 — — 28.0 
Total comprehensive income (loss):     
Net earnings for the period
— — — 77.3 — 77.3 
  Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
     
Currency translation differences for foreign operations
— — — — (0.9)(0.9)
Changes from currency forward derivatives designated as hedges
— — — — 5.8 5.8 
Changes from interest rate swap derivatives designated as hedges
— — — — (10.1)(10.1)
Balance -- September 30, 2019$1,827.0 $(6.3)$980.5 $(1,404.4)$(31.7)$1,365.1 
Balance -- January 1, 2020$1,832.1 $(14.8)$982.6 $(1,420.1)$(23.6)$1,356.2 
Capital transactions9      
Issuance of capital stock
2.2 — (2.2)— — — 
Purchase of treasury stock for SBC plans— (13.1)— — — (13.1)
SBC and other
— 14.0 7.8 — — 21.8 
Total comprehensive income (loss):      
Net earnings for the period
— — — 40.5 — 40.5 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
      
 Losses on pension and non-pension post-employment benefit plans
7— — — (0.2)— (0.2)
Currency translation differences for foreign operations
— — — — 1.2 1.2 
Changes from currency forward derivatives designated as hedges
— — — — 0.8 0.8 
Changes from interest rate swap derivatives designated as hedges
— — — — (6.7)(6.7)
Balance -- September 30, 2020$1,834.3 $(13.9)$988.2 $(1,379.8)$(28.3)$1,400.5 
 
(a)  Accumulated other comprehensive loss is net of tax.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.


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CELESTICA INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions of U.S. dollars)
(unaudited)
Three months endedNine months ended
September 30September 30
 Note2019202020192020
Cash provided by (used in):  
Operating activities:  
Net earnings (loss) for the period
$(6.9)$30.4 $77.3 $40.5 
Adjustments to net earnings (loss) for items not affecting cash:
  
Depreciation and amortization
33.3 31.2 102.0 93.9 
Equity-settled SBC expense
96.7 1.7 26.7 20.7 
Other charges (recoveries) (a)
103.6 0.7 (94.6)2.4 
Finance costs
12.0 8.9 38.2 28.6 
Income tax expense
13.3 9.9 22.9 23.3 
Other
5.1 10.4 16.2 9.5 
Changes in non-cash working capital items:
  
Accounts receivable
9.1 10.4 191.9 (72.3)
Inventories
52.3 0.9 56.3 (213.0)
Other current assets
(2.3)(4.9)13.0 (7.1)
Accounts payable, accrued and other current liabilities and provisions
(14.4)(48.1)(167.2)287.7 
Non-cash working capital changes
44.7 (41.7)94.0 (4.7)
Net income tax paid
(4.9)(9.5)(14.2)(24.3)
Net cash provided by operating activities
106.9 42.0 268.5 189.9 
Investing activities:  
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired41.3 — 2.7 — 
Purchase of computer software and property, plant and equipment
(21.6)(10.1)(64.5)(33.6)
Proceeds related to the sale of assets
101.7 0.2 114.7 1.4 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
(18.6)(9.9)52.9 (32.2)
Financing activities:  
Borrowings under credit facility8— — 48.0 — 
Repayments under credit facility8(54.5)— (211.5)(121.9)
Payment of lease obligations(10.6)(9.9)(29.4)(27.9)
Repurchase of capital stock for cancellation9— — (67.3)— 
Purchase of treasury stock for stock-based plans9— — — (13.1)
Finance costs paid (b)
8(10.8)(6.7)(34.3)(22.9)
Net cash used in financing activities
(75.9)(16.6)(294.5)(185.8)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
12.4 15.5 26.9 (28.1)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
436.5 435.9 422.0 479.5 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$448.9 $451.4 $448.9 $451.4 
(a) Other charges (recoveries) in the first nine months of 2019 include a $102.0 gain on the sale of our Toronto real property.
(b) Finance costs paid include debt issuance costs paid of $0.3 and $0.6 in the third quarter and first nine months of 2020, respectively (third quarter and first nine months of 2019 — $0.6 and $2.4, respectively).

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements
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CELESTICA INC.
 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in millions of U.S. dollars, except percentages and per share amounts)
(unaudited)

1.             REPORTING ENTITY
 
Celestica Inc. (Celestica) is incorporated in Ontario with its corporate headquarters located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Celestica’s subordinate voting shares (SVS) are listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) and the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).

2.             BASIS OF PREPARATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Statement of compliance:
 
These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements for the period ended September 30, 2020 (Q3 2020 Interim Financial Statements) have been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard (IAS) 34, Interim Financial Reporting, as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and the accounting policies we have adopted in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The Q3 2020 Interim Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with our 2019 annual audited consolidated financial statements (2019 AFS), and reflect all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary to present fairly our financial position as at September 30, 2020 and our financial performance, comprehensive income and cash flows for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 (referred to herein as Q3 2020 and YTD 2020, respectively). The Q3 2020 Interim Financial Statements are presented in U.S. dollars, which is also our functional currency. Unless otherwise noted, all financial information is presented in millions of U.S. dollars (except percentages and per share amounts).
 
The Q3 2020 Interim Financial Statements were authorized for issuance by our board of directors on October 27, 2020.
 
Use of estimates and judgments:
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenue and expenses, and related disclosures with respect to contingent assets and liabilities. We base our judgments, estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience and various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. The economic environment could also impact certain estimates and discount rates necessary to prepare our consolidated financial statements, including significant estimates and discount rates applicable to the determination of the recoverable amounts used in our impairment testing of our non-financial assets (see below). Our assessment of these factors forms the basis for our judgments on the carrying values of assets and liabilities, and the accrual of our costs and expenses. Actual results could differ materially from our estimates and assumptions. We review our estimates and underlying assumptions on an ongoing basis and make revisions as determined necessary by management. Revisions are recognized in the period in which the estimates are revised.
As a result of the continued and uncertain economic and business impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, we reviewed the estimates, judgments and assumptions used in the preparation of our financial statements for each of the first three quarters of 2020, including with respect to: the determination of whether indicators of impairment exist for our assets and cash generating units (CGUs), the discount rates applied to our net pension and non-pension post-employment benefit assets and liabilities, and in each of the second quarter of 2020 (Q2 2020) and Q3 2020, our eligibility for COVID-19-related government subsidies, grants and/or credits recognized during such periods. See note 13. We also assessed the impact of COVID-19 on the estimates, judgments and assumptions used in connection with our measurement of deferred tax assets, the credit risk of our customers and the valuation of our inventory during each of the first three quarters of 2020. We determined that no significant revisions to such estimates, judgments or assumptions were required for either Q3 2020 or YTD 2020 as a result of COVID-19. However, revisions may be required in future periods to the extent that the negative impacts on our business arising from COVID-19 continue or worsen. Any such revision (due to COVID-19 or otherwise) may result in, among other things, write-downs or impairments to our assets or CGUs, and/or adjustments to the carrying amount of our accounts receivable and/or inventories, or to the valuation of our deferred tax assets and/or pension assets or obligations, any of which could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations and financial condition. While we continue to believe the
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CELESTICA INC.
 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in millions of U.S. dollars, except percentages and per share amounts)
(unaudited)
COVID-19 pandemic to be temporary, the situation is dynamic and the impact of COVID-19 on our results of operations and financial condition, including its impact on overall customer demand, cannot be reasonably estimated at this time. Although we expect COVID-19-related disruptions to continue in the near term, we believe that our long-term estimates and assumptions are appropriate.

Additional significant accounting policies since 2019 AFS:

Accounting for Government Subsidies:

We receive governmental subsidies, grants and credits (collectively, Subsidies), from time to time related to operating expenditures or equipment purchases. We recognize such Subsidies when there is reasonable assurance that we qualify for, and have complied with the conditions of, the Subsidy, and that the Subsidy will be received. If we receive a Subsidy but cannot reasonably assure that we have complied with its conditions, we will defer recognition of the Subsidy and record a liability on our consolidated balance sheet until the conditions are fulfilled. For Subsidies that relate to operating expenditures, we recognize the Subsidy as a reduction to the expenditure that the Subsidy was intended to offset, in the period the cost is incurred or when the conditions are fulfilled if they were not met when the costs were incurred. For Subsidies that relate to the purchase of equipment, we reduce the cost of the asset in the period the cost is incurred or when the conditions are fulfilled if they were not met when the costs were incurred, and we calculate amortization on the net amount. See note 13.

3.             SEGMENT AND CUSTOMER REPORTING
 
Segments:

Celestica delivers innovative supply chain solutions globally to customers in two operating and reportable segments: Advanced Technology Solutions (ATS) and Connectivity & Cloud Solutions (CCS). Segment performance is evaluated based on segment revenue, segment income and segment margin (segment income as a percentage of segment revenue). See note 25 to our 2019 AFS for a description of the businesses that comprise our segments, and how segment revenue, segment income and segment margin are determined. There has been no change in either the determination of our segments, or how segment performance is measured, from that described in our 2019 AFS.

Information regarding the results of each reportable segment is set forth below:
Revenue by segment:Three months ended September 30Nine months ended September 30
2019202020192020
% of total% of total% of total% of total
ATS$559.0 37%$525.8 34%$1,699.9 39%$1,573.1 36%
CCS958.9 63%1,024.7 66%2,696.7 61%2,788.4 64%
Communications end market revenue as a % of total revenue
42 %45 %40 %42 %
Enterprise end market revenue as a % of total revenue
21 %21 %21 %22 %
Total$1,517.9 $1,550.5 $4,396.6 $4,361.5 
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CELESTICA INC.
 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in millions of U.S. dollars, except percentages and per share amounts)
(unaudited)
Segment income, segment margin, and reconciliation of segment income to IFRS earnings before income taxes:Three months ended September 30Nine months ended September 30
Note2019202020192020
Segment MarginSegment MarginSegment MarginSegment Margin
ATS segment income and margin$15.5 2.8 %$19.5 3.7 %$46.4 2.7 %$49.7 3.2 %
CCS segment income and margin27.1 2.8 %40.6 4.0 %68.0 2.5 %99.3 3.6 %
Total segment income42.6 60.1 114.4 149.0 
Reconciling items:
Finance costs12.0 8.9 38.2 28.6 
Employee stock-based compensation (SBC) expense6.7 1.7 26.7 20.7 
Amortization of intangible assets (excluding computer software)6.0 5.5 18.8 16.9 
Other Charges (recoveries)1011.5 3.7 (69.5)19.0 
IFRS earnings before income taxes$6.4 $40.3 $100.2 $63.8 

Customers:
 
For Q3 2020 and YTD 2020, we had one customer (Cisco Systems, Inc. (Cisco)), in our CCS segment, that individually represented 10% or more of total revenue. For the third quarter of 2019 (Q3 2019) and the first nine months of 2019 (YTD 2019), we had one customer (from our CCS segment) and two customers (one from each of our segments), respectively, that individually represented 10% or more of total revenue.

In October 2019, we came to a mutual agreement with Cisco, our largest customer, to a phased exit of existing programs in 2020 (Cisco Disengagement). In Q3 2020 and YTD 2020, revenue from Cisco represented 10% and 11% of our total revenue, respectively (Q3 2019 — 13%; YTD 2019 — 12%). Manufacturing with respect to these programs was largely completed in Q3 2020.

Seasonality:

From time to time, we experience some level of seasonality in our quarterly revenue patterns across certain of our businesses. In recent periods, revenue from the storage component of our Enterprise end market has increased in the fourth quarter of the year compared to the third quarter, and then decreased in the first quarter of the following year, reflecting the increase in customer demand we typically experience in this business in the fourth quarter of each year. In addition, we typically experience our lowest overall revenue levels during the first quarter of each year. There can be no assurance that these patterns will continue. The addition of new customers has also introduced different demand cycles from our existing customers, creating more volatility and unpredictability in our revenue patterns. These and other factors make it difficult to isolate the impact of seasonality on our business.

4.    ACQUISITIONS

In 2018, we completed the acquisitions of Atrenne Integrated Solutions, Inc. (Atrenne) and Impakt Holdings, LLC (Impakt). The original purchase price of each acquisition was reduced in connection with a working capital adjustment during 2019 ($1.4 for Atrenne in the first quarter of 2019 (Q1 2019) for a final purchase price of $140.3, net of cash acquired; and $1.3 for Impakt in Q3 2019 for a final purchase price of $324.1, net of cash acquired).

We incur consulting, transaction and integration costs relating to potential and completed acquisitions. We also incurred charges in 2019 related to the subsequent re-measurement of indemnification assets recorded in connection with our Impakt
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CELESTICA INC.
 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in millions of U.S. dollars, except percentages and per share amounts)
(unaudited)
acquisition. Collectively, these costs and charges are referred to as Acquisition Costs. We recorded no Acquisition Costs in Q3 2020 or YTD 2020. In Q3 2019 and YTD 2019, we recorded Acquisition Costs of $0.4 and $3.5, respectively, in other charges in our consolidated statement of operations, including nil and $2.2, respectively, of such re-measurement charges.

5.             ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE
 
Accounts receivable (A/R) sales program and supplier financing programs (SFPs):
To replace an A/R sales program that expired in January 2020, we entered into an agreement, effective March 6, 2020, with a third-party bank to sell up to $300.0 in A/R on an uncommitted basis, subject to pre-determined limits by customer. This agreement provides for a one-year term, with automatic annual one-year extensions, and may be terminated at any time by the bank or by us upon 3 months’ prior notice, or by the bank upon specified defaults. Under our A/R sales program, we continue to collect cash from our customers and remit the cash to the bank once it is collected. In addition, we participate in two SFPs (one with a CCS segment customer, and commencing in the fourth quarter of 2019, one with an ATS segment customer), pursuant to which we sell A/R from the relevant customer to third-party banks on an uncommitted basis. At September 30, 2020, we sold $101.0 of A/R under our current A/R sales program (December 31, 2019 — $90.6 under the prior A/R sales program) and $76.9 of A/R under the SFPs (December 31, 2019 — $50.4).

The A/R sold under these programs are de-recognized from our A/R balance and removed from our consolidated balance sheet, and the proceeds are reflected as cash provided by operating activities in our consolidated statement of cash flows. Upon sale, we assign the rights to the A/R to the banks. We pay discount charges which we record as finance costs in our consolidated statement of operations.

Contract assets:

At September 30, 2020, our A/R balance included $281.7 of contract assets (December 31, 2019 — $226.7) recognized as revenue under IFRS 15 (Revenue from Contracts with Customers).

6.             INVENTORIES
We record inventory provisions, net of valuation recoveries, in cost of sales. Inventory provisions reflect write-downs in the value of our inventory to net realizable value, and valuation recoveries primarily reflect gains on the disposition of previously written-down inventory. We recorded net inventory provisions relating primarily to aged inventory of $6.6 for Q3 2020, split approximately evenly between our segments, and $15.4 for YTD 2020, approximately two-thirds of which related to our ATS segment. The inventory provisions recorded in each of Q3 2020 and YTD 2020 were due in part to reduced demand, including as a result of the COVID-19-related deterioration of the commercial aerospace market, and for specific disengaging customers (in both of our segments). We recorded net inventory provisions of $0.9 and $7.1 for Q3 2019 and YTD 2019, respectively, related primarily to our CCS segment for Q3 2019 and to our ATS segment for YTD 2019. We regularly review the estimates and assumptions used to value our inventory through analysis of historical performance, current conditions and future expectations.
Certain of our contracts provide for customer cash deposits to cover our risk of excess and obsolete inventory and/or for working capital requirements. Such deposits as of September 30, 2020 totaled $207.2 (December 31, 2019 — $121.9) and were recorded in accrued and other current liabilities on our consolidated balance sheet.

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CELESTICA INC.
 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in millions of U.S. dollars, except percentages and per share amounts)
(unaudited)
7.    PENSION AND NON-PENSION POST-EMPLOYMENT BENEFIT PLANS

To mitigate the actuarial and investment risks of our defined benefit pension plans, we purchase annuities from time to time (using existing plan assets) from third party insurance companies for certain, or all, plan participants. The purchase of annuities by the pension plan substantially hedges the financial risks associated with the related pension obligations. In August 2020, the trustees of the defined benefit pension plan for our employees in the United Kingdom purchased annuities to hedge the pension benefits payable to newly-retired members of such plan. The annuity purchase resulted in a non-cash loss of $0.2 for Q3 2020, which we recorded in other comprehensive income (loss) (OCI) and simultaneously re-classified to deficit.

8.          CREDIT FACILITIES AND LEASE OBLIGATIONS

In June 2018, we entered into an $800.0 credit agreement (Credit Facility) which provides for a $350.0 term loan (Initial Term Loan) that matures in June 2025, and a $450.0 revolving credit facility (Revolver) that matures in June 2023. In November 2018, we utilized the accordion feature under our Credit Facility to add an incremental term loan of $250.0 (Incremental Term Loan), maturing in June 2025. The Initial Term Loan and the Incremental Term Loan are collectively referred to as the Term Loans.

The Initial Term Loan required quarterly principal repayments of $0.875, and the Incremental Term Loan required quarterly principal repayments of $0.625, and in each case require a lump sum repayment of the remainder outstanding at maturity. Commencing in 2020, we are also required to make an annual prepayment of outstanding obligations under the Credit Facility (applied first to the Term Loans, then to the Revolver) ranging from 0% — 50% (based on a defined leverage ratio) of specified excess cash flow for the prior fiscal year. A mandatory prepayment of our Term Loans of $107.0 (ECF Amount) was due and paid in Q2 2020 based on this provision. In addition, prepayments of outstanding obligations under the Credit Facility (applied as described above) may also be required in the amount of specified net cash proceeds received above a specified annual threshold (but excluding proceeds from our Toronto property sale). No prepayments are currently anticipated under the net cash proceeds provision in 2020.

During the first quarter of 2020 (Q1 2020), we made the scheduled quarterly principal repayment of $0.875 under the Initial Term Loan. In order to reduce the amount outstanding under the Incremental Term Loan, we also prepaid an aggregate of $60.0 thereunder during Q1 2020. This prepayment was first applied to the Q1 2020 and all remaining scheduled quarterly principal repayments of the Incremental Term Loan prior to maturity, and thereafter to remaining principal amounts outstanding thereunder. This prepayment also reduced the ECF Amount due in Q2 2020 to $47.0. In order to reduce the amount outstanding under the Initial Term Loan, we prepaid $47.0 thereunder on April 27, 2020. This prepayment was first applied to the Q2 2020 and all remaining scheduled quarterly principal repayments of the Initial Term Loan prior to maturity, and thereafter to remaining principal amounts outstanding thereunder. This prepayment eliminated the remainder of the ECF Amount. Subsequent to this prepayment, we prepaid an additional $14.0 under the Term Loans in June 2020 ($1.5 under the Initial Term Loan and $12.5 under the Incremental Term Loan). No further prepayments were required or made in Q3 2020.

For Q3 2019 and YTD 2019, we made aggregate scheduled quarterly principal repayments of $1.5 and $4.5, respectively, under the Term Loans. During Q3 2019 and YTD 2019, we borrowed nil and $48.0, respectively, and we repaid $53.0 and $207.0, respectively, under our Revolver. Also see note 10(b).

At September 30, 2020, we were in compliance with all restrictive and financial covenants under the Credit Facility (December 31, 2019 — in compliance).

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CELESTICA INC.
 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in millions of U.S. dollars, except percentages and per share amounts)
(unaudited)
The following table sets forth our outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility (excluding ordinary course letters of credit) and our lease obligations, at the dates shown:
December 31
2019
September 30
2020
Borrowings under the Revolver (1)
$— $— 
Borrowings under the Term Loans (1)
592.3 470.4 
Total borrowings under Credit Facility592.3 470.4 
Less: unamortized debt issuance costs related to our Term Loans(1)
(9.7)(8.0)
Lease obligations116.1 116.9 
$698.7 $579.3 
Comprised of:
Current portion of borrowings under Credit Facility and lease obligations $139.6 $75.9 
Long-term portion of borrowings under Credit Facility and lease obligations559.1 503.4 
$698.7 $579.3 
(1) We incurred debt issuance costs upon execution of the Credit Facility and in connection with subsequent security arrangements. Aggregate debt issuance costs incurred as of September 30, 2020 in connection with our Revolver totaling $4.5 ($0.3 for Q3 2020 and YTD 2020) were deferred as other assets on our consolidated balance sheets and are amortized on a straight line basis over the term of the Revolver. Aggregate debt issuance costs incurred as of September 30, 2020 in connection with our Term Loans totaling $11.9 (nil for each of Q3 2020 and YTD 2020) were deferred as long-term debt on our consolidated balance sheets and are amortized over their respective terms using the effective interest rate method. We paid aggregate debt issuance costs of $0.3 and $0.6 in Q3 2020 and YTD 2020, respectively, and $0.6 and $2.4 in Q3 2019 and YTD 2019, respectively.

At September 30, 2020, we had $21.3 outstanding in letters of credit under the Revolver (December 31, 2019 — $21.2). At September 30, 2020, we also had $13.8 (December 31, 2019 — $13.3) of outstanding letters of credit and surety bonds issued outside of the Revolver.

Finance costs consist of interest expense and fees related to our Credit Facility (including debt issuance and related amortization costs), our interest rate swap agreements, our A/R sales program and our SFPs, and interest expense on our lease obligations, net of interest income earned. We paid finance costs of $6.7 and $22.9 in Q3 2020 and YTD 2020, respectively (Q3 2019 and YTD 2019 — $10.8 and $34.3, respectively). Debt issuance costs are described in footnote (1) to the table above.

At September 30, 2020, we had a total of $142.7 in uncommitted bank overdraft facilities available for intraday and overnight operating requirements (December 31, 2019 — $142.5). There were no amounts outstanding under these overdraft facilities at September 30, 2020 or December 31, 2019.

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CELESTICA INC.
 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in millions of U.S. dollars, except percentages and per share amounts)
(unaudited)
9.             CAPITAL STOCK
 
SVS repurchases:
Information regarding SVS repurchase activities for the periods indicated is set forth below:
Three months ended September 30Nine months ended September 30
2019202020192020
Aggregate cost(1) of SVS repurchased for cancellation
$— $